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Old 03-18-2011, 01:31 PM
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Default Part 3 of 3 (references only)

1. Goupille P, Mulleman D, Mammou S, Griffoul I, Valat JP. Percutaneous laser disc decompression for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation: a review. Semin Arthritis Rheum. 2007;37:20-30

2. Choy DS, Case RB, Fielding W, Hughes J, Liebler W, Ascher P. Percutaneous laser nucleolysis of lumbar disks. N Engl J Med. 1987;317:771-772

3. Schenk B, Brouwer PA, van Buchem MA. Experimental basis of percutaneous laser disc decompression (PLDD): a review of literature. Lasers Med Sci. 2006;21:245-249

4. Choy DS, Michelsen J, Getrajdman G, Diwan S. Percutaneous laser disc decompression: an update--Spring 1992. J Clin Laser Med Surg. 1992;10:177-184

5. Choy DS, Altman P. Fall of intradiscal pressure with laser ablation. J Clin Laser Med Surg. 1995;13:149-151

6. Choi JY, Tanenbaum BS, Milner TE. et al. Theramal, mechanical, optical, and morphologic changes in bovine nucleus pulposus induced by Nd:YAG (lambda = 1.32 microm) laser irradiation. Lasers Surg Med. 2001;28:248-254

7. Castro WH, Halm H, Jerosch J, Schilgen M, Winkelmann W. [Changes in the lumbar intervertebral disk following use of the Holmium-Yag laser--a biomechanical study]. Z Orthop Ihre Grenzgeb. 1993;131:610-614

8. Kutschera HP, Lack W, Buchelt M, Beer R. Comparative study of surface displacement in discs following chemonucleolysis and lasernucleotomy. Lasers Surg Med. 1998;22:275-280

9. Peng B, Hou S, Wu W, Zhang C, Yang Y. The pathogenesis and clinical significance of a high-intensity zone (HIZ) of lumbar Intervertebral disc on MR imaging in the patient with discogenic low back pain. Eur Spine J. 2006May;15(5):583-7

10. Finch P. Technology Insight: imaging of low back pain. Nat Clin Pract Rheumatol. 2006;2(10):554-61

11. Kjaer P, Leboeuf-Yde C, Korsholm L, Sorensen JS, Bendix T. Magnetic resonance imaging and low back pain in adults: a diagnostic imaging study of 40 year-old men and women. Spine. 2005;30(10):1173-80

12. Choy DS. Percutaneous laser disc decompression (PLDD): twelve years' experience with 752 procedures in 518 patients. J Clin Laser Med Surg. 1998;16:325-331

13. Singh V. Thoracic discography. Pain Physician. 2004;7(4):451-8

14. Carragee EJ, Alamin TF, Carragee JM. Low-pressure positive discography in subjects asymptomatic of significant low back pain illness. Spine. 2006;31(5):505-9

15. Guyer RD, Ohnmeiss DD. Lumbar discography. Spine J. 2003;3(3 Suppl):11S-27S

16. Singh V, Manchikanti L, Shah RV. et al. Systematic review of thoracic discography as a diagnostic test for chronic spinal pain. Pain Physician. 2008;11:631-42

17. Singh V, Derby R. Percutaneous lumbar disc decompression. Pain Physician. 2006;9:139-46

18. Singh V, Manchikanti L, Benyamin RM. et al. Percutaneous lumbar laser disc decompression: a systematic review of current evidence. Pain Physician. 2009;12:573-88

19. Choy DS, Ascher PW, Ranu HS. et al. Percutaneous laser disc decompression. A new therapeutic modality. Spine. 1992;17:949-956

20. Sherk HH, Rhodes A, Black J, Prodoehl JA. Results of percutaneous lumber discectomy with lasers. State of the Art Reviews Laser Discectomy. Philadelphia: Hanley & Belfus. 1993:141-150

21. Choy DS. Techniques of percutaneous laser disc decompression with the Nd:YAG laser. J Clin Laser Med Surg. 1995;13:187-193

22. Casper GD, Mullins LL, Hartman VL. Laser-assisted disc decompression: a clinical trial of the holmium:YAG laser with side-firing fiber. J Clin Laser Med Surg. 1995;13:27-32

23. Casper GD, Hartman VL, Mullins LL. Results of a clinical trial of the holmium:YAG laser in disc decompression utilizing a side-firing fiber: a two-year follow-up. Lasers Surg Med. 1996;19:90-96

24. Choy DS. Clinical experience and results with 389 PLDD procedures with the Nd:YAG laser, 1986 to 1995. J Clin Laser Med Surg. 1995;13:209-213

25. Chambers RA, Botsford JA, Fanelli E. The PLDD registry. J Clin Laser Med Surg. 1995;13:215-219

26. Bosacco SJ, Bosacco DN, Berman AT, Cordover A, Levenberg RJ, Stellabotte J. Functional results of percutaneous laser discectomy. Am J Orthop. 1996;25:825-828

27. Siebert WE, Berendsen BT, Tollgaard J. [Percutaneous laser disk decompression. Experience since 1989]. Orthopade. 1996;25:42-48

28. Nerubay J, Caspi I, Levinkopf M. Percutaneous carbon dioxide laser nucleolysis with 2- to 5-year followup. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1997:45-48

29. Gevargez A, Groenemeyer DW, Czerwinski F. CT-guided percutaneous laser disc decompression with Ceralas D, a diode laser with 980-nm wavelength and 200-microm fiber optics. Eur Radiol. 2000;10:1239-1241

30. Knight M, Goswami A. Lumbar percutaneous KTP532 wavelength laser disc decompression and disc ablation in the management of discogenic pain. J Clin Laser Med Surg. 2002;20:9-13

31. Tassi GP. Preliminary Italian experience of lumbar spine percutaneous laser disc decompression according to Choy's method. Photomed Laser Surg. 2004;22:439-441

32. Black W, Fejos AS, Choy DS. Percutaneous laser disc decompression in the treatment of discogenic back pain. Photomed Laser Surg. 2004;22:431-433

33. McMillan MR, Patterson PA, Parker V. Percutaneous laser disc decompression for the treatment of discogenic lumbar pain and sciatica: a preliminary report with 3-month follow-up in a general pain clinic population. Photomed Laser Surg. 2004;22:434-438

34. Grönemeyer DH, Buschkamp H, Braun M, Schirp S, Weinsheimer PA, Gevargez A. Image-guided percutaneous laser disk decompression for herniated lumbar disks: a 4-year follow-up in 200 patients. J Clin Laser Med Surg. 2003;21:131-138

35. Hellinger J, Stern S, Hellinger S. Nonendoscopic Nd-YAG 1064 nm PLDN in the treatment of thoracic discogenic pain syndromes. J Clin Laser Med Surg. 2003;21:61-66
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